Upgrade R12.2 to R12.2.3

jhlui1:

Quite useful to uncover some of the nuances of the new upgrade procedures.

Originally posted on OracleAPPSDBA & Oracle DBA Blog:

In this post i will list out the steps for upgrading R12.2 to R12.2.3

Note:

If you are freshly installing R12.2. and downloading the stage from edelivery then you will get stardCD version 12.2.0.46, also  i would suggest you all to download startCD version 12.2.0.47 it includes lot of updates which will be helpful in reducing the R12.2.3 upgrade time. startCD version 12.2.0.47 is a patch with #17445880.

So when you are downloading the Media R12.2 Software,  you will get stardCD  12.2.0.46  from edelivery. In your downloads include new startdCD version 12.2.0.47 patch #17445880

1

Once you build the stage using buildstage.sh we need to update the Start Here DVD, uncompress the patch in the main staging area to overwrite the startCD directory.

unzip -o p17445880_R12_GENERIC.zip let the existing 12.2.0.46 get overwritten by 12.2.0.47 startCD patch

Now you must run the buildStage.sh script and select option 2. Copy new patches to current stage area…

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Collaborate 2014 Networking Opportunity Events

Where I can keep track of the special events (note: these are not “parties” as so many people are misled to believe) at Collaborate (April 7-11, 2014 – Las Vegas, Nevada).

To attend one of these events:

  1. You’re registered as an Collaborate Attendee.
  2. You’re either a prospect, customer, or goodwill contact for the host.
  3. You visit the host’s booth at Collaborate in order to pick up whatever is required for entry.
  4. Do not just show up at the event and attempt to “crash” it – just spend your time at a regular #C14LV reception the same evening and you’ll still get plenty of party time.
Feel free to post your own additions in the comments. 

How to migrate EM12c R3 OMS and repository to a new host

jhlui1:

Very useful, even if you’re moving parts of OEM 12c from one host to another, or modifying the filesystem mounts.

Originally posted on Pardy DBA:

(EDIT 20130917: If you simply need to change the IP address of your OEM server, please review MOS note 1562029.1.  The procedure in that note may allow you to change your OEM server’s IP address without following the lengthy process I describe below.)

In order to save power in our data center, I need to migrate my EM12c R3 environment from the host where it currently runs to a new host.  I have a simple configuration, with a single OMS, no load balancer, and the repository database runs on the same host as EM12c R3 itself.  I also have BI Publisher installed and integrated with EM12c, and a few third party plugins as I’ve detailed elsewhere on this blog.  If you use an OS other than Linux x86-64 I suggest you research thoroughly as this procedure may or may not apply to your environment.  Further, if you have a multi-OMS…

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Hou-Ren-Sou: A Recipe for Japanese (Over) Communication

jhlui1:

And it works: Hou-Ren-Sou: Communicate X 3.

Originally posted on Voyager of the Flattening World:

The Japanese word “hou-ren-sou” means spinach. Spinach is a vegetable you find at the authentic Japanese restaurant, as in “ohitashi” or boiled and chilled spinach with soy sauce and in “goma-ae” or spinach with sweet sesame paste. This “hou-ren-sou” is, however, a special term in the business management context and nothing to do with those delicious dishes. The three syllables of the word, “hou,” “ren,” and “sou” are abbreviation of the three management keywords regarding the Japanese style communication at the workplace. Almost all the Japanese freshmen are repeatedly taught, during on- and off-the-job training, the importance of the “hou-ren-sou.” Let’s see its recipe in more detail.

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ORA-06512 ‘DBSNMP.BSLN_INTERNAL’

jhlui1:

Periodic Stats Gathering Fails in 11gR2 Oracle Database – found in alert.log: ORA-06512: at “DBSNMP.BSLN_INTERNAL”, line 2073

The Fix:

SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/catnsnmp.sql

SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/catsnmp.sql

Originally posted on Dbhk's Blog:

Symptoms

1.  BSLN_MAINTAIN_STATS_JOB failed at every SUNDAY

2.  Alert messages got the following

Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/vstbpro/vstbpro1/trace/vstbpro1_j000_7796.trc:
ORA-12012: error on auto execute of job 11762
ORA-06502: PL/SQL: numeric or value error
ORA-06512: at “DBSNMP.BSLN_INTERNAL”, line 2073

3. Details of the trace file

Trace file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/vstbpro/vstbpro1/trace/vstbpro1_j000_7796.trc
Oracle Database 11g Release 11.1.0.7.0 – 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters option
ORACLE_HOME = /opt/oracle/product/11g
System name:    SunOS
Node name:      wvpdb09
Release:        5.10
Version:        Generic_138888-01
Machine:        sun4u
Instance name: vstbpro1
Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1
Oracle process number: 73
Unix process pid: 7796, image: oracle@wvpdb09 (J000)

*** 2010-04-11 15:00:04.639
*** SESSION ID:(1041.32020) 2010-04-11 15:00:04.639
*** CLIENT ID:() 2010-04-11 15:00:04.639
*** SERVICE NAME:(SYS$USERS) 2010-04-11 15:00:04.639
*** MODULE NAME:(DBMS_SCHEDULER) 2010-04-11 15:00:04.639
*** ACTION NAME:(BSLN_MAINTAIN_STATS_JOB) 2010-04-11 15:00:04.639

ORA-12012: error on auto execute of job 11762
ORA-06502: PL/SQL: numeric or value error
ORA-06512: at “DBSNMP.BSLN_INTERNAL”, line 2073
ORA-06512: at line 1

Cause

Table DBSNMP.BSLN_BASELINES contains…

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Existing OEM 12c Agent Fails Startup and Resecure on Hostname Change

Had an issue where the hostname (on Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.9 – OEL 64-bit) happened to have an incorrect hostname and alias when I had already installed the OEM 12c (12.1.0.3) Agent. Thus the OMS repository targets were all named incorrectly, even though the Agent was secured and registered. (This was a new database host).

In the $AGENT_HOME/sysman/log/emagent.nohup log was the following:

— EMState agent
—– Sat Mar 1 10:42:22 2014::10437::Auto tuning the agent at time Sat Mar 1
10:42:22 2014 —–
—– Sat Mar 1 10:42:23 2014::10437::Finished auto tuning the agent at time Sat Mar 1 10:42:23 2014 —–
—– Sat Mar 1 10:42:23 2014::10437::Launching the JVM with following options: -Xmx128M -server -Djava.security.egd=file:///dev/./urandom -Dsun.lang.ClassLoader.allowArraySyntax=true -XX:+UseLinuxPosixThreadCPUClocks -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC -XX:+CMSClassUnloadingEnabled -XX:+UseCompressedOops —–
—– Sat Mar 1 10:42:23 2014::10491::Time elapsed between Launch of Watchdog process and execing EMAgent is 2 secs —–
—– Sat Mar 1 10:42:23 2014::10437::Agent Launched with PID 10491 at time Sat Mar 1 10:42:23 2014 —–
2014-03-01 10:42:23,962 [1:main] WARN – Missing filename for log handler ‘wsm’
2014-03-01 10:42:23,971 [1:main] WARN – Missing filename for log handler ‘opss’
2014-03-01 10:42:23,972 [1:main] WARN – Missing filename for log handler ‘opsscfg’
OMS decided to shutdown the agent because of the following reason sent from OMS: EM_PLUGIN_MISMATCH_AND_AGENT_NOT_YET_MANAGED
—– Sat Mar 1 10:42:37 2014::10437::Checking status of EMAgent : 10491 —–
—– Sat Mar 1 10:42:37 2014::10437::EMAgent exited at Sat Mar 1 10:42:37 2014 with return value 0. —–
—– Sat Mar 1 10:42:37 2014::10437::EMAgent was shutdown normally. —–

./emctl secure agent

./emctl start agent

Resulted in the same repeating failures.

Removed the Target Host and Agent from OEM 12c OMS

(Target -> Hosts -> (select host) -> [Remove], and then,

Setup -> Manage Cloud Control -> Agents -> (click on Agent:(port)

Agent Menu (upper-left dropdown) -> Target Setup -> Remove Target)

Re-deployed using the faster method of silent Agent deployment (Bobby Curtis has this covered on http://dbasolved.com/2013/04/10/install-oem-agents-silently-in-any-environment )

Everything ready to proceed again.

When Your Oracle DataGuarded Database is Crashed (unintentionall)

It happens:  You have a 4-node DataGuarded Oracle 11gR2 database and your System Administrators need to take the boxes down for maintenance. But they don’t know that it’s protected under DataGuard, with Fast-start failover enabled (which automatically performs (via DG Observer) the switchover from Primary to Standby, switches roles, reconfigures listeners, and tries to keep everything 99.99995% available.)  So they use good old:

sqlplus “/ as sysdba”

SQL> shutdown immediate;

Database closed.

And now you need to start it back up.  But when your admins get to their familiar old prompt it burps out:

SQL> startup

Error: ORA-16825: multiple errors or warnings, including fast-start failover-related errors or warnings, detected for the database

Now there are a number of blogs which will walk you through the tedious steps of recovering this condition manually via DGMGRL and multiple control file and standby redo log restores to all the targets. But it was 1:00A local time and I didn’t want to spend the rest of the night crawling through these trying to get this beast back on its feet.

So, I returned to the never-ending exploratory world of what is contained in Oracle Enterprise Manager 12cR3 (12.1.0.3.0)  And (tada sound), OEM can handle it all for you relatively automatically.

To get your Primary DB back on-line (to avoid the complaints from the users who have been disconnected)

DGMGRL> connect SYS/<pwd>@<primaryDGDBtarget>

DGMGRL> disable fast_start failover force;

SQL> startup

Database opened.

Now that the Primary is back open and accessible, return to OEM OMS and visit:

Targets -> Database -> (your Primary DB)

Availability -> Data Guard Administration

There’s a text link at the bottom which reads

Additional Administration:

Verify Configuration

That’s your ticket back to green-arrows and healthy DG in 90% of the situations.  It will perform health-checks throughout your configuration, re-created standby redo logs, re-sychronizing disconnected standby databases, shipping archive logs whereever they are needed, repairing disrupted communications, restoring fast-start failover observers, and whatever else you have.

The other alternative is to simply Remove the existing failed Standby database (select, then [Remove] the existing standby database; then visit its host and delete the existing datafiles, redo, archive and tempfiles (you do not have to touch the TNSNAMES or Listener configurations – that will be re-created for you); then use [Add Standby Database] on the same screen to restore functionality (this is good as an if-all-else-fails, so this method of recovery).

Happy Guarding Data!

2014-02 Shinnyo-en Buddhism Podcast – Ol

2014-02 Shinnyo-en Buddhism Podcast – Olympic Peace – 2014-02 Shinnyo-en Buddhism Podcast – Olympic Peace Shinnyo – What Exactly is It? Opening Address by International Olympic Committee President, Thomas Bach Subscribe to this Podcast (RSS) or iTunes Shinnyo [Japanese, lit. truth] refers to the nature of reality, and … Continue reading → http://ow.ly/2DI5AK

2014-02 Shinnyo-en Buddhism Podcast – Olympic Peace

2014-02 Shinnyo-en Buddhism Podcast – Olympic Peace

  • Shinnyo – What Exactly is It?
  • Opening Address by International Olympic Committee President, Thomas Bach

Subscribe to this Podcast (RSS) or iTunes


Shinnyo [Japanese, lit. truth] refers to the nature of reality, and striving to orient oneself around it allows one to see things for what they really are, in a way that is awakening and liberating. The Buddhist practices promoting enhanced wisdom, lovingkindness, compassion, joy, and equanimity, empower this way of living. This universal concept of equality is not unique to Buddhism, but is everywhere, including this week’s Opening Ceremonies of the Winter Olympic Games in Sochi, Russia.

IOC President, Thomas Bach, February 7, 2014:

[2 greetings in Russian, welcoming all to Russia and Sochi] Good evening dear athletes, Mister President of the Russian Federation, Mister Secretary General of the United Nations, dear Olympic friends and fans around the world, welcome to the 22nd Olympic Winter Games. Tonight we are writing a new page in Olympic history. [French version inserted]

Thank you to all the workers for your great contributions under sometimes difficult circumstances. Thank you to all the people of Sochi and the Krasnodar region.  Thank you for your patience. Thank you for your understanding during these years of transformation. Now you are living in an Olympic region. I am sure you will enjoy the benefits for many, many years to come. Thousands of volunteers have welcomed us with the well-known warm Russian hospitality. Many thanks to all the volunteers. Bolshoi spasiba, valantyoram! Thank you very much to everyone. Russia and the Russians have set the stage for you, the best winter athletes on our planet.

From this moment on you are not only the best <athletes>, you are Olympic Athletes. You will inspire us with your outstanding sports performances. You have come here for sport. You have come here with your Olympic dream. The International Olympic Committee wants your Olympic Dream to come true. This is why we are investing almost all of our revenues in the world-wide development of sports. The universal Olympic rules apply to each and every athlete — no matter where you come from or what your background is. You are living together in the Olympic Village. You will celebrate victory with dignity and accept defeat with dignity. You are bringing the Olympic Values to life. In this way, the Olympic Games, wherever they take place, set an example for a peaceful society. Olympic sports unites the people. This is the Olympic message the athletes spread to the host country and to the whole world. Yes, it is possible to strive even for the greatest victory with respect for the dignity of your competitors. Yes, it is possible – even as competitors – to live together under one roof in harmony, with tolerance and without any form of discrimination for whatever reason. Yes, it is possible – even as competitors – to listen, to understand and to give an example for a peaceful society. Olympic games are always about building bridges to bring people together. Olympic games are never about erecting walls to keep people apart. Olympic games are a sports festival embracing human diversity in great unity.

Therefore, I say, to the political leaders of the world, thank you for supporting your athletes. They are the best ambassadors of your country. Please respect their Olympic message of goodwill, of tolerance, of excellence and of peace. Have the courage to address your disagreements in a peaceful, direct political dialogue, and not on the backs of these athletes. To all sports officials and sports fans, I say, join and support our fight for fair play — the athletes deserve it. And to you, my fellow Olympic athletes, I say, respect the rules, play fair, be clean. Respect your fellow athletes in and out of competition. We all wish you joy in your Olympic effort and a wonderful Olympic experience. To all of you, athletes, officials, spectators and fans around our globe, I say, “Enjoy the Olympic Winter Games in Sochi, 2014!”

And now, I have the honor of inviting the President of the Russian Federation, Mr. Vladimir Putin, to declare open, the 22nd Olympic Winter Games, Sochi, Russia.

My thanks go to BBCOne for providing an unedited and unexpurgated version of Mr. Bach’s address and exceptional unbiased coverage of the Opening Ceremonies. With over six billion people in this world, there are (at least) six billion pathways to peace. Mr. Bach has presented one. What’s yours?

Oracle e-Business Suite Release R12.2 (.2) Upgrade – New Features Summary

Because my company asked for this, and I couldn’t find a readily available My Oracle Support document that is concise enough.

Based primarly upon:

Oracle E-Business Suite Release 12.2 Release Value Propositions (Doc ID 1580742.1)

With additions from notes by Steve Sutphin on LearningWerks.

Modules Being Covered in this Summary

  • Application Technology
  • Asset Lifecycle Management
  • Customer Relationship Management
  • Financials
  • Procurement
  • Human Capital Management

Not all modules are covered herein (e.g. Supply Chain, Project Billing, Project Management, Value Chain) simply because we don’t have them in-use, so I couldn’t validate the accuracy of those modules.

Applications Technology - User Interfaces, Infrastructure

Oracle EBS Release 12.2 Technology Stack
Oracle EBS Release 12.2 Technology Stack
  • WebLogic Server (11.1.1.6) replacing iAS (10.1.3)
    • [10.1.2 stays for Forms and Reports]
  • Mobile Certification for OA Framework
    • iPad, iPhone, Android
  • Report Manager and Web ADI
    • Certified for MS Office 2010/32-bit
  • Integrated SOA Gateway
    • Now on WebLogic for improved integration
  • Online Patching
    • Editioned filesystem and DB objects allow side-by-side Production and Test codesets with minimal switchover downtime.

Oracle EBS Release 12.2 Online Patching Process

  • Numerous OAFramework User Interface Cosmetic and Usability Improvements

Assets (Asset Lifecycle Management,  not FA) - Workflow, Productivity

  • Support for Asset Moves
    • Transactable Assets Allows Users To Move Assets In And Out Of Inventory, Transfer Assets From One Inventory Organization To Another, And Transfer Assets From One External Location To Another External Location
  • Enhanced Integration/Ease of Use
    • Asset Sale
    • Asset Retirements
    • Project-to-Project Material Transfers
    • Grouping of Serialized Items
  • Asset Tracking Mass Update

Customer Relationship Management - Revenue Tracking

  • Channel Revenue Management
    • Increased Automation in AR Deductions Settlement
    • Accrual Accounting with Trade Profiles
    • Extended Business Processes for Supplier Ship and Debit
    • Price Protection Agreements
  • Oracle Telesales
    • Visibility to Activities across Operating Units
    • Competitor Tracking at Product Level

Financials - Productivity, Controls

  • Cross-Module Enhancements
    • Multi-Org Access Control Security profiles that now support a list of operating units
    • Ledger Sets Ledgers sharing the same Chart of Accounts, Calendar and Period Type
    • Advanced Global Intercompany System (AGIS)
    • New Bank Account Model Single access point for defining and maintaining bank accounts in AP, AR, Collections, Payroll, CashMgt, & Treasury
  • Advanced Collections
    • Party (Customer) Level Bankruptcy Tracking
    • Support for Partial Disputed Transaction Amounts
  • Assets
    • Enh. Mass Additions I/F for Legacy Conversions
    • Automated Depr. Rollback for Selected Assets
    • Impairments/Unplanned Depreciation Visibility
    • Addl. BI Publisher Reports
  • Cash Management
    • Simplified Setup and Streamlined Bank Account Reconciliation
    • Reconciliation Success Rates for First Notice Items (FlexMatch)
    • Centrally-stored Balance History – Trends and Cash Positions
    • Flexible Cash Pooling
    • Maintain and Report on Authorized Signatories
  • Customer Data Hub
    • Tax Validation Management with Tax Geography Hierarchy
    • DQM Overview Dashboard
    • DQM public Application Programming Interface
    • Real-time Address Validation for Tax Purposes
  • e-Business Tax
    • Application of Specific Tax Configs to Business Entities
    • Tax Simulator and Determination Services
    • Customer Tax Information Import
  • General Ledger
    • Allocate Financial Data From One Or More Ledgers To A Different Target Ledger
    • Data Access Sets and Ledger Sets
    • Journal Batch Copy
    • Alternate Account UI
    • New Web-based Account Analysis & Drilldown
    • Flaggable As Non-Reversable Journal Sources
    • Integration to Hyperion DRM and Fusion Acctg Hub
  • Internet Expenses (iExpense)
    • Global Per Diem and Mileage Rates
    • Mileage Accumulation
    • Automatic Matching of Advance Payments
    • Flexible Application of Cash Advances
    • Payment Holds and Automatic Notifications
    • Enhanced Itemization Controls
    • New Audit Expense Report
    • Auto-Itemization of Expenses from Visa/AMEX
    • Parallel Approvals
    • New Header-level Document Attachments
    • Support for new iOS/Android Mobile Expenses
  • Payables
    • New User Interface For Supplier Entry And Maintenance
    • Centralized Bank Account Definitions (see Summary)
    • Improved Invoice Processing with Invoice Lines
    • Contract Financing, Retainage, and Progress Terms
    • Line-Level Invoice Approval Workflows
    • Self-Service Entry for Non-PO Invoices
    • Improved iSupplier Portal
    • Scheduled AP/AR Netting Batches
  • Receivables
    • Partial Period Revenue Recognition
    • Event-based Revenue Management
    • New Credit Card Error Handling
    • Improved Chargeback Reconciliation
    • Oracle Bill Presentment Architecture (BPA)
    • Customer Communication – Auto PDF Printing
    • New Sweep Invalid Distributions Report Details of the accounting exceptions that are holding the period close for review and action. If the amount involved is not material from the reporting perspective and resolving the accounting exceptions is likely to delay the period close, then the transactions with invalid accounting can be swept to the next open period.
    • Automated Auto Lockbox Processing (via CP)
    • API Support for Unidentified Receipt Assignments
  • Subledger Accounting
    • Enhanced Multi-Reporting Currency Functionality
    • Improved Reporting and Analysis with Supporting References
  • Treasury
    • New Automatic Floating Rate Reset for Bonds
    • Automated Cash Pooling Across Legal Entities
    • Automatic Bank Account Update for Redirecting Payments to a New Bank Account

Projects - Efficiencies

  • Project Costing
    • Labor Rate Schedules by Criteria
    • Enhanced Payroll Integration
    • Total Time Costing
    • Increased Control and Visibility for Multi-Funded Contingent Workers
    • Allocate Funding Based On Time And Expense Entry
    • Batch Processing of Mass Adjustments

Procurement - Efficiencies

  • iProcurement
    • Automatic Updates of Encumbrance Dates
    • Eligible Information Template Information Stored as Attachments
    • Override Employee Charge Account Preference
    • Dual Budgetary Controls (Encumbrance Acctg)
    • Item Master Attachments Support
    • Post-Approved PO Requisition Attachment Support
    • PO Import Process Can Use Account Generator Auto-generate Charge Accounts during Requisition Import (blank charge accounts)
  • iSupplier Portal
    • Enhanced Prospective Supplier Registration – Adaptive Supplier Onboarding
    • E-Kanban Support (Flow Manufacturing)
    • Enh. Supplier Contact Information Data URL, Alt. Contact Name/Phone
  • Purchasing
    • Automatic Updates of Encumbrance Dates
    • Additional WF Extensions for Custom Validations
  • Procurement Contracts
    • Multiple Templates Applied to Purchasing Docs
    • New API’s for Templates, Questions and Constants
    • New Clause Descriptor Field
    • Clause Mandatory Attribute at Rule Level
    • Clause Section Placement by Contract Expert
    • Deletion of Provisional Sections from Solicitation to Award
    • Instruction Text including URLs
    • Multi-Row Contract Clause Variables
    • Display and Sort by Clause Number
    • Enh. Repository Contracts License Agreements, Nondisclosure Agreements, Merger Contracts, Misc. Agreements (user-defined)
    • User Defined Attribute support for Deliverables
    • Sync/Down/Upload: MS Word 2010 Certification
    • Contract Expert Performance Improvements
  • Sourcing
    • Add Requisition lines to a Draft Negotiation
    • Ability To Withdraw Responses Submitted On An RFI/RFQ
    • Track Supplier Amendment Acknowledgements
    • Staggered Awards on Split Negotiations
    • Import of Price Breaks and Tiers via Excel
    • Negative Cost Factor Support
    • New API’s to Create RFIs, RFQs, Auctions and Negotiations
    • Online Discussions Attachments and Messaging
    • Terms and Conditions Display Controls
    • Lot Pricing Summaries (also by Lot Line)
  • Spend Classification
    • Reclassify Historical Data
    • Asynchronous Classified Batch Approval Flows
    • Enhanced Training Data Upload (up to 100MB)
    • Enhanced Knowledge Base Tracking Capability
    • Improvements in Analyzing KPI Batches with Excel Export
    • Classification Code Reset by Ranges

Human Capital Management - Streamlining, Efficiency

  • Cross-Module Enhancements
    • 30 Country Localization Support
    • Managerial Task Checklists
    • Bulk Synchronization -> Incremental Sync API
    • Future-Dated Terminations, Reversals, Rehires
  • Payroll
    • Purge Process Events
    • Quick Retro Pay (single assignment)
    • Self-Service Element Entry (w/WF approvals)
  • Human Resources
    • Streamlined Re-hire Processes
    • Self-Service Internal Hire Support

Smoking – Lox and Hot Smoked Salmon

Applewood Smoked Salmon
Smoked Salmon (L-Hot, R-Cold) 45mins @ 150F

1 – 20oz. Atlantic Salmon filet from CostCo.

24 hrs. marinated in 4 oz. shio koji

24 hrs. air-dried in refrigerator – used cheesecloth to keep it from sticking.

Divided filet in 1/2; both directly placed on wire racks (did not stick due to sufficient oil from the salmon.)

Applewood (about 1 cup, dry chips) smoked for 45 minutes at 150F. Hot smoked version lost about 20% moisture and residual oil – similar to seared Ahi texture. Cold smoked version using top-box method (take any clean cardboard box that fits; place the salmon on a raised wire rack inside the box; cut a hole near a side and/or corner about 1-inch square to fit the smoke vent on the primary smoke box; excess smoke will exit from the top of the box (just interleave the flaps)). Preferably keep the box out of direct sunlight and try to do the smoking either at night when cool, or early morning to keep the temperature inside the box below 90F (similar temperature will work for smoking cheeses without melting them.)

If you Care a Little More, Things Happen. Bees can be dangerous. Always wear protective clothing when approaching or dealing with bees. Do not approach or handle bees without proper instruction and training.

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